© Hilmar Alquiros  道 德 經 Dào Dé Jīng Project: 2000-2020  All Rights Reserved Impressum 

32
001
071

 

sum:

2061
2131

 第三十二章
dì sān shí èr zhāng

Transcendency

Transzendenz

 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54

 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63

 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72

 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81

    Global Dào     Buttons!

~ Textus Receptus:    1 2 3 4 5

W: Wáng Bì  王弼 (226–249) < +250
H:  Héshàng Gōng  河上公  > +100
F:
  Fù Yì  傅奕 (554−639) +574 / < -202

 

+ New Discoveries:   1 2 3 4 5

G:  Guōdiàn  郭店 ~ -300
M: 
Mǎwángduī  馬王堆 A < -
206
m: 
Mǎwángduī  馬王堆 B
< -179
B:  Běi Dà 北大  ~ -150, ~ -100

 

Raw texts s. below / Rohtexte s. unten!

© 2016 Hilmar Alquiros

 

No.
sum

Wáng Bì 王弼
Pīnyīn 拼音

Characters
Schriftzeichen

Analysis
Analyse

Verbatim
Wortgetreu

Poetic
Poetisch

Analogous
Sinngemäß

32.a
001
013

Inconspicuous, yet Incomprehensible Dào

Unscheinbares, doch unbegreifliches Dào

 

32 - Transcendency

 Dào: forever incomprehensible.
 Nativeness, although small, nobody worldwide can
make it serviceable, too.

 01-02

 

 If prince and king could hold to that, all entities were by themselves like guests.
 Heaven
and Earth would mutually unite, for sending down sweet dew; to
people under no-body's order, and yet by themselves orderly.

 03-06

 

 Regulations started, there are names; if in turn designations already exist, then, in turn, you should know to cease: know to cease, so you cannot be endangered.

 07-10

 

 Symbolizing Dào's existing in the world: like the flow from rivulets into rivers and ocean…

 11-12

 

 

32 - Transzendenz

 Dào: für immer unbegreiflich.
 Ursprünglichkeit, obschon klein, kann
es doch niemand auf der Welt auch dienlich machen.

 01-02

 

 Könnten Fürst und König sich daran halten, von selbst würden alle Wesen gleichsam Gäste.
 Himmel
und Erde sich  miteinander vereinen, um süßen Tau hernieder zu senden; zu Men-schen, denen niemand anordnet, doch von selbst geordnet sind.

 03-06

 

 Beginnt man Regelungen, gibt es Bezeich-nungen;  sind wiederum Bezeichnungen erst ein-mal da, dann wiederum sollte man beizeiten aufzuhören wissen: verstehe aufzuhören, so kannst du ungefährdet bleiben.

 07-10

 

 Symbol für Dàos Dasein in der Welt: wie das Fließen aus Quellbächen in Ströme und Meer …

 11-12

 

 

 

32.01.
001
004

道常
dào cháng
無名。

wú míng。

Dào {Way} / Dào {Weg}.

constantly {Eternal} / beständig {immer_während}.

without (no) {non-being, nothing_(-ness) [ / ohne (kein) {nicht-sein, Nichts}.

name {designation} / Name {Bezeichnung}.

常無名 lit.: “eternally without name” = undefinable / „ewig ohne Namen“ = undefinierbar.*

Dào: constantly {the Eternal}
without
name {namelessness}.

Dào: beständig {die immer_währende}
ohne Namen {Namenlos_(-igkeit}.

Dào: constantly nameless.

Dào: beständig namenlos.

The Dào is nameless constantly:

Wie namenlos stets Dào war:

32.02.
005
013


雖小,
suī xiǎo,

天下
tiān xià

莫能臣也。
mò néng chén yě。

nativeness {(natural)_simplicity} / Ursprünglichkeit
{(naturbelassene)_Einfachheit} [= "unbehauenes Naturholz"];
lit.: "uncarved (wood) block" [= pure, unfixed virtuality] / der "unbehauene (Holz-)_Klotz" [= reine, unfixierte Möglichkeit].*

although / obgleich.

small {plain; humble} / klein {schlicht; bescheiden}.

天下 worldwide {= "Heaven / under"} / weltweit {= "Himmel / unter"}.

nobody / niemand.

can, could, able_to  / kann, könnte; fähig, imstande.

serviceable [, too] / dienlich {dienstbar}.

auch, too / auch, ebenso.

Nativeness {(natural)_simplicity} [= uncarved_wood, ~ block],
although,
and small {plain},
worldwide
{= "Heaven / under"}
nobody can
make it serviceable [, too].

Ursprünglichkeit {(naturbelassene)_Einfachheit} [= unbehauenes_Naturholz],
obgleich klein {schlicht},
weltweit
{= "Himmel / unter"}
niemand kann sie dienlich {dienstbar}_machen [auch].

Nativeness, although small, nobody worldwide can make it serviceable, too.

Ursprünglichkeit, obschon klein, kann doch weltweit niemand es auch dienlich machen.

of natural simplicity,
though small,
its service none can see.

wie ursprünglich und klein obzwar,
macht
weltweit niemand dienlich gar.

 

 

*or: 常無名+ = "Das Dào is ewig namenlose Einfalt." / "Dào is eternally nameless simplicity [simplemindedness)." [R. Wilhelm].

 

 

 

32.b
014
039

Free People: Spontaneous Integrity

Freie Menschen: spontane Integrität

No.
sum

Wáng Bì 王弼
Pīnyīn 拼音

Characters
Schriftzeichen

Analysis
Analyse

Verbatim
Wortgetreu

Poetic
Poetisch

32.03.
014
019

侯王
hóu wáng

若能
ruò néng

守之,
shǒu zhī,
= 37.03.

prince {duke, count} / Fürst {Herzog, Graf}. [Marquis, second of the five orders of ancient Chinese nobility 五等爵位 / Marquis, zweiter der fünf Stufen des chinesischen Adels 五等爵位 im Altertum].

king(-s) / König(-e).

if / wenn.

can, could, able_to  / kann, könnte; fähig, imstande.

hold_to {keep_to}  [= to maintain that] / zu halten {bewahren}  [= daran (festzu-)_halten].

this / dies [] them, their / sie, ihre; of [Genitive] / von
[(sächsischer) Genitiv].

Princes {Dukes} and kings,
if
they can
hold_
to {keep_to} this [樸] [= to maintain that],

Fürsten {Grafen} und Könige,
wenn
sie imstande sind,
zu
halten {bewahren} dies [] [= daran (festzu-)_halten],

If prince and king could hold to that,

Könnten Fürst und König sich daran halten,

If prince and king could hold to it,

Kann Fürst wie König dies beachten,

32.04.
020
024

萬物
wàn wù

將自
jiāng zì
= 37.04.
賓!
bīn!

  (the) myriads {lit.: ten_thousand} / abertausend {lit.zehn_tausend}.

 creatures {entities} / Geschöpfe {Wesen}.

萬物 lit.: the ten thousand creatures / die abertausend Geschöpfe.

to will / wollen.

by_itself {spontaneously} [= naturally] voluntarily / von_ selbst {ganz_spontan} [= natürlicherweise; (wie, ganz) frei-willig, von selbst.

be_like_guests [= submit/ yield]! / wie_Gäste_sein  [= sich _einfügen]!

the myriad of  creatures {ten_thousand entities}
will by_itself {spontaneously} [= naturally]
be_
like_guests [= submit/ yield]!

alle Geschöpfe {zehn_tausend Wesen}
wollen
von_selbst {ganz_spontan} [= natürlicherweise]
wie_Gäste_sein
  [= sich_einfügen]!

all beings were by themselves like guests;

von selbst würden alle Wesen gleichsam Gäste!

that myriads of creatures fit
themselves as guests,
spontaneously!

auch alle Wesen danach trachten,
von selbst sich
so zu Gästen machten!

32.05.
025
032

天地
tiān dì

相合,
xiāng hé,

以降
yǐ jiàng

甘露,
gān lù,

天地 Heaven and Earth / Himmel und Erde.

mutually {each_other} / (sich)_miteinander.

joined  [= in_harmony] / vereint [= in_Harmonie].

for / um; in order to, because of / um zu, weil.

sending_down {"bestow"} [= induce_to_fall_ down] / her-abzusenden {"zu_spenden"} [= fallen_zu_lassen].

sweet / süß.

dew / Tau.*

Heaven and Earth
mutually joined {
each_other} [= in_harmony],
for sending_down {"bestow"} [=
induce_to_fall_ down]
sweet dew;

Himmel und Erde
(sich)_miteinander vereint [= in_Harmonie],
um herabzusenden {"
zu_spenden"} [= fallen_zu_lassen]
süßen Tau;

Heaven and Earth would mutually unite, for sending down sweet dew;

Himmel und Erde sich miteinander vereinen, um süßen Tau hernieder zu senden;

Would Heaven and Earth, unitedly,:
send down sweet dew in harmony;

Vereint sich Himmel und Erde fänden,
um
süßen Tau hinabzusenden;

32.06.
033
039


mín

莫之令
mò zhī lìng


ér


均。
jūn。

people / Leute.

none / niemand.

(to) them, /'s, / denen;  of [Genitive] / von [(sächsischer) Ge-nitiv].

to command / befehlen, gebieten.

and_yet / und_doch; but {yet} / (je-)_doch.

by_themselves {spontaneously} [= naturally] / von_selbst {ganz_spontan} [= natürlicherweise].

(1) orderly; in harmony, peacefully (together); equitable {equal, fair} / geordnet; in Harmonie, friedlich (vereint); gerecht (gleichberechtigt, fair); or: (2) all, without exception / alle, ausnahmsweise.**

people,
none
to_them commanding
[=
under_nobody/'s order],
and_yet

by_themselves {spontaneously}
[= naturally]

orderly
.

Leute,
niemand denen gebietet,
[= unter niemand/es Befehl]
und_doch

von_selbst {
ganz_spontan} [= natürlicherweise]

geordnet.

to people, not ordered by anybody, and yet by themselves orderly.

zu Menschen, denen niemand etwas anordnet, und doch von selbst geordnet.

the people, by none ordered, be
yet by themselves
quite orderly.

befiehlt man nicht den andern noch,
von selbst geordnet sind sie doch.

 

 

* 甘露 = good omen / gutes Vorzeichen [Erkes 1958, p. 65 + 181]; "Union of Heaven and Earth" / "Vereinigung von Himmel und Erde" [Ellen M. Chen, 1989, p. 134].

** (1) "Die Menschen würden von selbst zum Gleichgewicht finden." / = "Human beings would find by themselves their balance."  [R. Wilhelm];

 (2) "Er würde von Natur aus gleichermaßen alle Menschen erreichen." / = "He would naturally reach alle men in the same way." [Wing-tsit Chan; G. Henricks; Chen 1984, p. 194].

 

32.c
040
058

Concepts: Aware of their Limits, no Danger

Begriffe: ihrer Grenzen bewusst, keine Gefahr

No.
sum

Wáng Bì 王弼
Pīnyīn 拼音

Characters
Schriftzeichen

Analysis
Analyse

Verbatim
Wortgetreu

Poetic
Poetisch

32.07.
040
043

始制
shǐ zhì

有名;
yǒu míng;

to start / beginnen.

regulations / Regelungen.

there_are {subsist} / gibt_es {existieren}.

name {designation} / Name {Bezeichnung}.

Start regulations:
there_are {subsist} names;

Beginnt man Regelungen,
gibt_
es {existieren} Namen;

Regulations started, there are names;

Beginnt man Regelungen, gibt es Bezeichnungen;

Start regulations: terms subsist;

Beginnt man Regeln, gibt es Namen;

32.08.
044
047


míng

既有,
jì yǒu,

name {designation} / Name {Bezeichnung}.

in_turn {also} / wiederum.

already [= once] / bereits ["erst_einmal"].

there_are {subsist} / gibt_es {existieren}.

既有 lit.: already are there, combined: exist / sind schon da, zusammen: existieren.

if names [= designations],
in_turn {also},
already
[= once] are_there, exist,

wenn Namen [= Bezeichnungen]
wiederum {auch}
bereits ["erst_einmal"] da_sind, existieren,

if in turn designations already exist,

sind wiederum Bezeichnungen bereits da,

if designations once exist,

wenn Namen erst zustande kamen,

32.09.
048
052

夫亦將
fú yì jiāng

知止;
zhī zhǐ;

* here: then / hier: dann.

in_turn {also} / wiederum.

already [= once] / bereits ["erst_einmal"].

to know {to understand} / wissen {verstehen}.

to stop {to cease} / aufzuhören {zu_enden}.

then, in_turn {too}, one should
know {understand}
[where, how] to stop {cease};

dann, wiederum {auch} sollte man
wissen {verstehen}
[wo, wie] aufzuhören {zu_enden}:

then, in turn, you should know to cease:

dann wiederum sollte man aufzuhören wissen:

you should then know to end, in turn,

dann soll man auch verstehn, zu enden:

32.10.
053
058

知止
zhī zhǐ

可以
kě yǐ

不殆。
bù dài。

to know {to understand} / wissen {verstehen}.

to stop {to cease} / aufzuhören {zu_enden}.

[that]_can, able_to / [die_man]_kann, fähig_zu.

so_[as_to] / dadurch; with, for, by means of, according to / mit; denn, mittels, gemäß.

not / nicht {un-}.

danger / Gefahr.

out_of_danger {not endangered} / außer_Gefahr {un/-gefährdet}.

know {understand} [how, where] to stop {cease}:
you can be so_[as_to]
out_of_danger {not endangered}.

verstehen {wissen} [wie, wo]_aufzuhören:
man kann dadurch
außer_Gefahr {un/gefährdet}
sein.

know to cease, so you can be not endangered.

verstehe aufzuhören, so kannst du ungefährdet bleiben.

no danger, so as to concern.

kann so Gefahren von sich wenden.

 

 

*(husband, man, worker); Classical chinese:  this, that, he she, they; final particle = exclamatory, initial particel (here) = introducing an opinion /

(Ehemann, Mann, Arbeiter) hier: Klassisches Chinesisch: dies, jenes, er sie, sie (Plural), Anfangspartikel = ausrufend, Anfangs-Partikel (hier) = Meinung einführend.

 

 

32.d
059
071

The Eternal Flow of Dào

Der Ewige Fluss des Dào

No.
sum

Wáng Bì 王弼
Pīnyīn 拼音

Characters
Schriftzeichen

Analysis
Analyse

Verbatim
Wortgetreu

Poetic
Poetisch

32.11.
059
064

譬道之
pì dào zhī

在天下,
zài tiān xià,

symbol / Symbol.

Dào {Way} / Dào {Weg}.

its, /'s,  / sein, /s; of [Genitive] von [(sächsischer) Genitiv].

being in [existence] / sein in [= Dasein].

天下 world {= "Heaven / under"} / Welt {= "Himmel / un-ter"}.

Symbol für Dào/'s [its]
being in_
the_world
{existence} {= "Heaven / under"},

Symbol für Dào/s [dessen]
sein [= Dasein] in_der_Welt {= "Himmel / unter"},

Symbol for Dào's being in the world:

Symbol für Dàos in der Welt sein:

Dào's symbol for existing so:

Symbol für Dàos Dasein wäre:

32.12.
065
071

猶川
yóu chuān

谷之
gǔ zhī

於江海。
yú jiāng hǎi。

like [= as_if it's] / wie [= als_ob es sei, als sei es].

flow / Fließen.

rivulet(-s) / Bach (Bäche).

their, 's,  of [Genitive] / ihr [deren, von]
[(sächsischer) Genitiv].

into / in.

rivers / Ströme.

ocean / Meer.

it's like [= as_if it's] the flow
(of) rivulets/' [their]
into rivers
and the ocean.

wie [= als_ob es sei, als sei es] das Fließen
(der) Bäch/e [deren]
in Ströme und Meer.

like the flow from rivulets into rivers and ocean…

wie das Fließen aus Quellbächen in Ströme und Meer …

it's like the rivulets, they go,
in rivers and the sea to flow.

fließt Bächen gleich in Strom und Meere ...

 

 

 

 

 

POETIC!

poetic!

           

32
001
071

 

sum:

2061
2131

 第三十二章
dì sān shí èr zhāng

Transcendency

Transzendenz

 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54

 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63

 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72

 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81

 

北大 Běi Dà 32

B: 無名天下
     侯王若能守之萬物將自賓
     天地相合,    甘露民莫之令而自均
     有名名亦既有
     夫亦將    以不殆

     道之在天下谷之江海

 

馬王堆 Mǎwángduī  32

M:無名      □ □  □  □     
      □ 王若能守之    萬物將自賓   
     天地相谷
        民莫之 □  □  □    
     始制有
  □  □ □     

    
□ □  □  □      □  □     以不    

     道之在天     □  □ □ 浴之江海  

 

馬王堆 Mǎwángduī  32

m:無名    樸唯小而天下弗敢臣    
     侯王若能守之
    萬物將自賓    
    
天地相合            □  □  □ 令而自均    
    
始制有名    ﹦亦既有    

    
夫亦將知        ﹦止﹦    以不    

     □  □ 在天下猷小浴之與江海  

 

郭店 Guōdiàn A10 = 32

G: 亡名僕唯弗敢臣    
     侯王萬勿將自賓
     天地相合也,以逾甘民莫之命而自均
     始制名亦既又
     夫亦將智止智止
    以不

     道之天下也,猷少浴之江海__

 

 

王弼 Wáng Bì 32

W:道常無名樸雖小    天下莫能臣也。
     侯王若能守之萬物將自賓
     天地相合        以降甘露民莫之令而自均   
     始制有名名亦
     夫亦將知止知止
    可以不

     譬道之在天下猶川谷之於江海    

 

河上公 Héshàng Gōng 32

H: 道常無名樸雖小天下莫能臣也。
     侯王若能守之萬物將自賓
     天地相合    以降甘露民莫之令而自均    
     始制有名名亦

     夫亦知止知止以不   

     譬道之在天下猶川谷之江 海      

 

傅奕 Fù Yì 32

F: 道常無名樸雖小天下莫能臣    。
     王侯若能守    萬物將自賓
     天地相合        以降甘露民莫之令而自均焉
     始制有名
名亦
     夫亦將知止
知止    以不殆

     譬道之在天下猶川谷之江海也。

 

 

 

 

Raw texts s. below / Rohtexte s. unten!

© 2016 Hilmar Alquiros

 

           
 

Raw texts / Rohtexte:

+ New Discoveries:   1 2 3 4 5

G:  Guōdiàn  郭店 ~ -300
M: 
Mǎwángduī  馬王堆 A < -
206
m: 
Mǎwángduī  馬王堆 B
< -179
B:  Běi Dà 北大  ~ -150, ~ -100

 

~ Textus Receptus:    1 2 3 4 5

W: Wáng Bì  王弼 (226–249) < +250
H:  Héshàng Gōng  河上公  > +100
F:
  Fù Yì  傅奕 (554−639) +574 / < -202

 

B:道恒無名。樸唯小,天下弗敢臣。侯王若能守之,萬物將自賓。天地相合,以俞甘露,民莫之令而自均安。始正有名,名亦既有,夫亦將智止。智止所以不殆。避道之在天下,猶小谷之與江海。
唯(雖), 俞(輸), 安(焉), 智(知), 智(知), 避(譬), 唯(雖).

M:道恆無名‧幄唯□□□□□□□□王若能守之萬物將自賓天地相谷以俞甘洛∠民莫之□□□均焉始制有□□□□有夫□□□□□□所以不□俾道之在天□□□□浴之與江海也

m:道恆無名樸唯小而天下弗敢臣侯王若能守之萬物將自賓天地相合以俞甘洛□□□令而自均焉始制有名﹦亦既有夫亦將知﹦止﹦所以不殆卑□□在天下也猷小浴之與江海也

G(10):道恆亡名,僕唯妻,天地弗敢臣。侯王女能獸之,萬勿將自賓。天地相合也,以逾甘露,民莫之命而自均安。始制又名,名亦既又,夫亦將智止,智止所以不殆。卑道之才天下也,猷少浴之與江海。

W:道常無名。*樸雖小1天下莫能臣也。侯王若能守之,萬物將自賓。天地相合以降甘露,民莫之令而自均。始制有名,名亦既有,夫亦將知止,知止可以不殆。譬道之在天下,猶川谷之於江海。
*w1. 樸雖小,Inserted: 本章王弼注多言「樸」,據河上公《注》本、馬王堆《老子乙》增

H:道常無名,樸雖小,天下莫能臣也。侯王若能守之,萬物將自賓。天地相合,以降甘露,民莫之令而自均。始制有名,名亦既有,夫亦將知之。知之,可以不殆。譬道之在天下,猶川谷之在江海。

F:道常無名。樸雖小,天下莫能臣。王侯若能守,萬物將自賓。天地相合以降甘露,民莫之令而自均焉。始制有名。名亦既有,夫亦將知止。知止所以不殆。譬道之在天下,猶川谷之與江海也。

 

 

 

 

Mǎwángduī: ch. 1-37 after 38-81; 24 before 22 + 23, 41 before 41, 80+81 after 66.

Mǎwángduī: Kap. 1-37 nach 38-81; 24 vor 22 + 23, 41 vor 41, 80+81 nach 66.

 

32

Etymological Notes:

 

Composition:Bottom-left: chuò walk; walking; KangXi radical 162 ; top-right: shǒu head; first; leader chief; a poem. path road street; method way. The motion of thoughts which are diverse; traveling though life with one’s attention on the duality of unity with nature the head in motion.

From cloth (making cloth was the most common activity of the ancient world) and phonetic . Meaning: common.

wú mó  + 8 strokes  negative no not; lack have no Simple pictograph Meaning: nothing. [无無. A dancer also pronounced wu. Borrowed for sound.]

From moon and mouth . Meaning: name. (to say your name at night so people will know who you are)

Composition:Left: tree; wood lumber; wooden right: fortune telling; prophesy. simple unadorned; sincere; surname; a tree.

Deletion remnant (t). From [From mouth and insect . Meaning: a kind of insect] and phonetic . Originally a kind of insect. Now Meaning: although.

Simple pictograph . Three dots. Meaning: small pieces. Simple pictograph . Three dots. Meaning: small pieces.

Augmented pictograph . Augmentation (head) to person . Meaning: sky.

Simple pictograph (𠄟). A mark below the line. Meaning: down.

From grass 艹艸 and sun or mouth 日口 and more grass 大艸. Originally Meaning: “not” or “dusk” probably from the sun lost in the grass.

Simple pictograph . A bear which is strong with mouth with meat 月肉 and feet 匕匕. Meaning: able.

Simple pictograph . An eye (modified form) that watches over you. Meaning: minister.

Simple pictograph . Modification of arrow . Meaning: marquis.

Simple pictograph . Believed to be an ax head indicating source of power. Meaning: king.

Cursive remnant . From remnant hair (not grass) and hands * primping the hair added later. Original Meaning: to primp.

From building and hand . Meaning: to defend.

Simple pictograph 𡳿. Augmentation of foot going forward from . Originally indicating to go forward.

Simple pictograph 万萬. A scorpion later Meaning: 10000.

From cow (animal) and phonetic . Meaning: thing.

From table and meat 爪肉 and hand . Original Meaning: to eat meat.

Simple pictograph . A nose. Chinese point to their nose when they say I. Meaning: myself.

Substitution remnant 宾賓. From building and phonetic From remnant (an important person) and cowary . Meaning: guest.

From earth and phonetic . Meaning: earth.

From tree pronounced mu and eye pronounced mu thus it means similar.

From inverted mouth and mouth two people talking. Meaning: united.

Simple pictograph . Usually a pictograph of a mouth often making some kind of sound. Borrowed for sound. Meaning: by means of.Simple pictograph . g by means of.

From wall 阝阜 and phonetic . Meaning: to decend. ( are foot prints.)

Simple pictograph . Something in the mouth. Meaning: sweetness.

From rain and phonetic . Meaning: dew.

Simple pictograph . A either or with the lower part (uterus) from which people come. Meaning: people.

From person 刀人 and a person 巴卩. Meaning: color as in yellow as in sex.

Simple pictograph . (1) sometimes remnant of a beard. (2) sometimes a remnant of a root.(3) sometimes a man.

From earth and phonetic (also Meaning: equal) . Meaning: even.

From woman (from where we all start) and phonetic (phonetic is ). Meaning: beginning

From earth and phonetic (also Meaning: equal) . Meaning: even.

Compound pictograph . From a hand * holding some meat 月肉. Meaning: to have.

Simple pictograph . Usually believed to be arm pits borrowed for sound to mean also.

Simple pictograph . A man who turns away after having eaten food . Meaning: finished already since.

Augmented pictograph . Augmentation and man . Meaning: husband or important man.

From mouth (character created for sound) and phonetic borrowed for sound. Meaning: to know.

Simple pictograph . A foot. Meaning: to stop.

Simple pictograph . From (Meaning: pronounced like) and phonetic (possibly a cane). Now Meaning: can.

Simple pictograph. Unclear origin. Possibly a root which us pulled up and is thus NOT there. Meaning: “no”.

dài Composition:Left: dài bad vicious depraved wicked death right: phonetic platform; unit; term of address. +5 dangerous perilous; endanger. almost probably only.

From speech 讠言 and phonetic . Meaning: metaphor.

From earth and phonetic . Meaning: “at”.

From small animal or dog 犭犬 and phonetic 尤酋. Original a large ape.

Simple pictograph . Water see

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 7 strokes total. valley gorge ravine Radical:+ 0 strokes = 7 strokes total.

Simple pictograph . Unclear origin. Meaning: in.

From water 氵水 and phonetic . Meaning: a large river.

From water 氵水 and phonetic . Meaning: ocean.

 

Sources:

http://www.thetao.info/tao/big5.htm,

http://ctext.org/dictionary.pl?if=en&char=%E4%B9%8D

https://chinese.yabla.com/chinese-english-pinyin-dictionary.php?define=%E4%B9%8D

http://www.chineseetymology.org/CharacterEtymology.aspx?submitButton1=Etymology&characterInput=%E4%BD%9C  [and more].